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The ancient city of Orikum

Orikum is located in the southern part of the gulf of Vlore where in the ancient period flourished the ancient city of Orik. Orikumi has been part of the land of the tribe of the Amants. It was built over the ruins of an ancient Ilir dwelling around the VI century BC that were part of the state of Taulants. In the II century BC the Amants have their coins with the figure of Apollon. The harbour of Orik served as an important commercial centre in the Ionian and Adriatic sea and mentioned in the war between Philip the V of Macedonia and the Rome in the year 214 BC. After that Orik was invaded by the roman army. In the battle between the Macedonians and Romans the city was almost destroyed. It is also mentioned the war between Julius Cesar and Pompeii. In the II century AC the city was hit by a big earthquake. In the medieval period we find Orik under the name of Jeroika and are mentioned as an important Episcopal centre and also as a commercial bay. The vestiges of the ancient city and of the theatre are today immersed by the water were are visible the wall and the 27 stairs engraved in the rock. In Orikum is also situated the lagoon of Pasha Lyman with a total surface of 150 Ha and is connected with the sea through the 2 channels one of them artificially open.

History:

Approach:
Authority: Orikum and Vlora
Source: Regional Council of Vlora

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